How good is bamboo for construction?
Increased environmental pollution gave rise to the idea of using innovative and new-age building materials in the construction of structures and buildings thereby lessening the emission of polluting agents into the atmosphere by a considerable factor. It’s no doubt that bamboo is one among the most sustainable building material and its popularly in use too. In this blog, let’s do a reality check of the hype and analyze the actual efficiency of bamboo being used as a construction material.
The modular system of architecture itself offers potential benefits of improving flexibility in function allocation, reducing development costs, and improving maintainability and durability. One such material that was taken for experimentation and which succeeded in the industry was bamboo.
As a building material bamboo can be utilized for scaffoldings, bridges, houses, and buildings.
Bamboo is a natural composite of material with desirable strength and weight ratio. The bamboo species that are fit for construction have to satisfy numerable criteria ranging from their structural and mechanical property to the material specifications. Of all the different species of bamboo, Gadua Angustifolia, native to South America has the best properties for construction purposes.
In India, more than 50%of bamboo is grown in the north-eastern states, and species like Bambusa Balcooa, Bambusa Nutans, and Bambusa Polymorpha are ideal for construction here.
It is very natural for anyone to mistake bamboo construction as a cost-efficient one, well in the present world, it’s nowhere close to reality.
In terms of tensile strength, bamboo beats steel. Durability, strength, ease of transportation of the material, positive environmental effects, easy installation, susceptibility to deterioration, and varied quality counts to some of the added advantages of using bamboo for construction.
Long back, bamboo was popularly considered as naturally resistant against biological degrading organisms, but to be honest, it’s not. Bamboo contains a large amount of starch which attracts termites and powder post beetles. Thereby without proper and regular treatment, bamboo has only a life span of 2 years. With active and effective treatment, it has proved to have a long life span.
We must not forget the fact that bamboo is one of the most reliable building materials against surviving naturally occurring disasters like earthquakes and so on.
Availability and the costing of the craftsmen along with a sound team of seasoned architects and engineers to plan and execute the project in the most efficient way possible happened to be an unfortunate disadvantage when viewed from the perspective of a reasonable budget.
Despite the few disadvantages, bamboo still continues to be one of the most preferred building materials to all sustainable architecture enthusiasts