Famous works of Norman Foster

The world celebrated British architect and designer Norman Riber Foster is recognized as a key figure in British Modernist Architecture. He is closely associated with the development of high-tech architecture and the early adoption of energy-efficient construction techniques.Foster Associates (Norman Foster’s architectural firm) is the largest in the United Kingdom and has offices across the […]

Famous works of Frank Gehry

Frank Gehry is one of the most acclaimed architects of the 20th century and is known for his use of bold, postmodern shapes and unusual fabrications.  Gehry’s style is considered deconstructivist which is a movement in postmodern architecture where elements of the design appear to be chaotic or disjointed. Gehry was inspired by some junk […]

Architecture in the city – Victoria, Australia

The Victorian style of architecture in Australia can be divided into 3 periods: Early, Mid and Late. The architecture of Melbourne, the capital of the state of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia, is characterized by a wide variety of styles dating from the early years of European settlement to the present day. […]

Architecture in the city – Florence, Italy

The city of Florence in Italy is noted for its culture, Renaissance art, architecture, and monuments. The city also contains numerous museums and art galleries, such as the Uffizi Gallery and the Palazzo Pitti, and still exerts an influence in the fields of art, culture, and politics.  In the 15th century, the architecture of Florence […]

Architecture in the city- Tokyo, Japan

Tokyo is famous for Anime, electronics, manga, and video games.  Nut guess what? The architecture of Tokyo is so intricate and it as interesting as everything else over there. The history of the city talks back to some 400 years, originally named “Edo” which later was changed to “Tokyo”.  Tokyo is the largest metropolitan in […]

Architecture in the City – London, England

London, a place of fantasy for a wider population is the largest and the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. The London cityscape includes a wide array of architectural styles from a variety of historical periods.  There isn’t anywhere else in the world quite like London when it comes to architectural diversity. It […]

Architecture in the City – San Francisco, California

Each city exhibits a unique pattern and design in its overall architecture and it is expected and supposed to have a great influence from their traditions and cultures. Architecture is a vast study including the minute details and patchworks. In this blog, we will be talking about architecture in the city- San Francisco, California. San […]

Civilizations of the world: Aztec

The Aztec Empire, or the Triple Alliance, was an alliance of three Nahua altepetl city-states: Mexico-Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan. Aztec civilization came to light between 1345 and 1521 CE and covered most of northern Mesoamerica.  In short, it was a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period. They were famous for […]

Civilizations of the world: Chinese

Chinese civilization is almost 4000 years old. Civilization in this East Asian country is recognized as one of the four great ancient civilizations of the world. It began along the Yellow River in the Shang era and spread from there when Bronze Age culture reached its peak. Ancient China is worldwide known for the rich […]

Civilizations of the world: Rome

Rome was founded in 753 B.C. by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars, the god of war. Rome’s era as a monarchy ended in 509 B.C. with the overthrow of its seventh king, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, who was quoted as cruel and tyrannical by historians. As per the records, the Roman Empire was one […]

Civilizations of the world: Ancient Greek

The civilization of Ancient Greece came into existence in the 8th century. This period often quoted as the “Green dark ages” was also highly influential in aspects like languages, educational systems, philosophy, science and arts. Greek civilization had a powerful influence on the Roman civilization and some scholars even consider Roman civilization as a continuation […]

Civilizations of the world: Islamic

Historians believe that Islamic civilization originated in Mecca and Medina at the start of the 7th century CE. Islamic civilization can be noted as an amalgam of several cultures and a central element of the Islamic era is the Islamic religion. The civilization is believed to have started by 610 CE and came to an […]

Civilizations of the world: Mesopotamian

Mesopotamia, mainly modern-day Iraq and Kuwait is mostly acclaimed as the cradle of civilizations as some of the top influential early cities and empires emerged there. Mesopotamia was also at the crossroads of Egyptian and Indus valley civilizations which made the sector a land of blending languages and culture, thereby having a notable and lasting […]

Civilizations of the world: Mayan

The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya people and noted for its logosyllabic script. Mayans were known for creating elaborate ceremonial architecture, such as pyramids, temples, palaces, and observatories. They were also skilled weavers and potters. This notable civilization developed in the area that today is known as southeastern Mexico, all […]

Civilizations of the world: Egyptian

A civilization is a complex human society, usually made up of different cities, with certain characteristics of cultural and technological development. In many parts of the world, early civilizations formed when people began coming together in urban settlements. In this blog, we will be discussing Egyptian civilization. Egyptian civilization started around 3100 BC and it […]

The Architectural movements: Brutalist Architecture

Brutalist architecture, or New Brutalism, is an architectural style that emerged during the 1950s in Great Britain and grew out of the early-20th century modernist movement, among the reconstruction projects of the post-war era. “In order to be brutalist, a building has to meet three criteria, namely the clear exhibition of structure, the valuation of […]

The Architectural Movements: Post- Modernism

Postmodern architecture is a style or movement which emerged in the 1960s as a reaction against the austerity, formality, and lack of variety of modern architecture, particularly in the international style advocated by Philip Johnson and Henry-Russell Hitchcock. Post-modernism grew out in the emergence and response in the rise of art movements and activities in […]

The Architectural Movements: Art Nouveau

A new architectural movement swept through the turn of the 20th century in Europe creating some of the most glorious monuments in the world. From 1890 to 1914 (start of WW1) Art Nouveau architecture dominated the continent creating the maximum out of the available technology and resources. Art Nouveau is an international style of art, […]

The Architectural Movement: Gothic Architecture

History of styles of architecture make us yearn more to go back in time and witness the masterpiece afresh but like an old saying “As it age, the wine tastes finer”.  Architecture is of significant importance and the underlying facts are often an opening door to a world not known much to the wider population. […]

The Architectural Movements: Classical

Architecture is the process and product of planning, designing, and constructing. Different styles of architecture exist within this wide concept and field. Architectural styles can be collectively characterized by the features that make a building or any other structure notable or historically identifiable. Architectural styles travel across the nations and each one seems to evolve […]

New Age Building Material: Modular Bamboo

Increased environmental pollution gave rise to the thought of innovative and new-age building materials to include in the construction of structures and buildings thereby lessening the emission of polluting agents into the atmosphere by a considerable amount. Alternative materials corten steel, modular bamboo, bioplastic,etc are used in the construction industry these days and has managed […]

New Age Building Material: Cross-Laminated Timber

In this modern era, the industrial revolution led to new-age building material and mechanization of the construction process which indirectly expanded the scale and complexity of buildings.  The root of the invention and innovation of new-age building materials is the advancement in science and technology. Cross-Laminated Timber is one of the most famous and prominent […]

New Age Building Material: Bioplastics

New age building material can be more or less quoted as similar to innovative building materials too which also intend to reduce carbon emission and causing less environmental harm. These might include new coatings, composites, polymers, and carbon fibers, all bio-based and are capable of substituting existing fossil-based materials, equalizing or even improving the existing […]

New Age Building Material: Corten Steel

Environmental concerns are one of the driving forces behind the aim of creating new materials along with the other factors of producing the structures which were previously not possible with the available traditional materials. Theoretically, the new age building material is defined as a category of building materials that are aimed at replacing the traditional […]

New Age Building Material: Self-healing concrete

New age building material can be defined as a category of building materials that are aimed at replacing the traditional choices of brick, timber, glass, etc. Some materials are being re-engineered to make them stronger, self-sustaining, more versatile, and easier on the environment. With the global mission to reduce carbon emissions, scientists and manufacturers are […]

Climate-responsive architecture: Composite

The composite climatic condition is a mix of hot and dry, hot and humid and cold climates. Their characteristics change from season to season alternating between long hot, dry periods to shorter periods of concentrated rainfall & high humidity. India being a tropical country, most of the climate responsive design would focus on factors pertaining […]

Climate-responsive architecture: Cold and dry climate

As the regions move away from the equator it starts to get cooler and colder, due to the distant sun rays.  The northern and southern hemispheres are the regions that are extremely cold as they are farther from the sun and the solar radiations to these polar spots are weak The northern part of the […]

Climate Responsive Architecture: Hot and Dry Climate

Climate responsive architecture is prevalent and followed throughout the country and in the world to ensure a living protected from the harsh atrocities of the climate existing in the region. The practice of designing buildings and structures by utilizing the data of the region’s weather patterns and accounts for factors like seasonality, the intensity of […]

Climate-responsive Architecture: Hot and Humid climate

The practice of designing buildings and structures by utilizing the data of the region’s weather patterns and accounts for factors like seasonality, the intensity of the sun, wind, rainfall, and humidity. A climate-responsive building design reflects the weather conditions in the precise area where the building is constructed. This design practice is centered on the […]

Climate Responsive Architecture – An Overview

Present-day architects have been working hard considerably to create structures with relatively lesser impacts on the natural environment. Architecture has an inherent role to play in the global climate crisis. Buildings and their construction together account for 36 percent of global energy use and 39 percent of energy-related carbon dioxide emissions annually. Climate had always [...]